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海矶钓装备介绍及购买注意事项

来源:体育押注123  作者:渔乐在线  发表时间:2015-04-03 11:07:24285

钓具的基本组成

体育押注mianduidiaojudianlilinlangmanmudegeshizhuangbei,nibixuxianzhidaowanzheiyouxisuoxugongjudejibenneirong,miandelangfeixuduoshijianhejinqian。

(1)钓竿。体育押注浮游矶钓因需要站在荒凉岩石上持竿竟日,而且水下多半暗礁密布,故需要使用十分细长、软硬但弹性好的竿子。

ganzizhangdudazhishedingzai4.5mizhi6.3mizhijian,erqie5.3,mi(tongchangdiaoyouchengcizhongganziwei18chigan)weizuichangjiandechicun。zheizhongdiaoganyi“hao”laihuafenguige,haoshuyuexiaoganshenjiuyuexiruan,yuedajiuyuecuying。yibanbijiaochangjiandehaoshuyou0.8hao、1hao、1.2hao、1.5hao、1.7hao、2hao、3hao、4hao、5haodengdeng,yi1haozhi2haozhijiandezuiweichangyong。

(2)卷线器。同样以号数区分大小,但卷线器的号数编排方式跟钓竿可是天差地别的!矶钓场合较常使用的力撸规格是2000型、2500型、3000型、4000型等,这些号数有个重要意义,代表它所能容纳母线的号数与分量。如2000型可以缠2号尼龙线150米,2500型可缠2.5号尼龙线150米,3000型缠3号尼龙线150米。假如你要用较小的卷线器来缠大号数母线,能够掺进去的线量当然就比较少了,例如拿2000型来缠3号线的话,就只能容纳100米左右。

(3)线系。体育押注矶钓的线系通常包含母线及子线两部分,其中母线室钓组的中药载具,浮标、子线都靠它链接,大鱼上钩后拼搏的力量也都经由它传递给钓者,故须具备相当的耐冲击力与缓冲能力,目前尼龙线最常见用来作为母线。子线是绑钓钩的工具,直接跟鱼牙、海底暗礁接触,因此必须十分耐磨、十分强韧,通常矶钓客会采用碳纤维线。

体育押注zheiliangleidiaoxiandouyihaoshuqufenguige,erhaoshuyouxianjingcuxijueding,liru1haoxianzhijingtongchangbiaoshiwei0.165haomi,2haoxianzhijingyue0.235haomi,3haoxianzhijingyue0.285haomi。yincaizhibutong,jinguanmu、zixianhaoshuhezhijingdepaibianfangshiyiyang,lalizhi(kanglaqiangdu)quebingbuyiyang,yibaneryantanxianweixianbinilongxianqiangdudaxuduo,suoyichuxuezhechuidiaoshizuihaoxianyijiaodahaoshudemuxiandapeishaoxiaohaoshudezixian,daijingyanfengfu、jishuchunshuzhihouzaichangshichaohaoshiyong。diaoxiandehaoshu(cuxi)hangaifanweiguang,yibanjidiaochangyongmuxianshi2hao、2.5hao、3hao、3.5hao、4hao、5haodengzuichangyongdao。

(4)浮标。使用浮标式浮游矶钓的一大特征,但因为环境、鱼种、天候、钓者习惯等各个方面的不同,故矶钓的浮标和钓组类型可以说是千变万化的。比较常见的浮标有球形、棒形、复合型和辅助用浮标四大类,他们又各自拥有许多种别,有的在外观或使用方法上还会介入别类的领域,因此常令钓者感到无所适从。

海矶钓装备介绍及购买注意事项

体育押注muqianzuiweizhuliudefubiaoshiqiuxing,erqiuxingfubiaozuizhuyaodechengyuanshidanzhui,qicishichuanxinghetiangouleifubiao。danzhuihechuanxingbiaoduobanweizhongtongshijiegou,yijifubiaozhongxinyouyigekongdao,muxianyoucikongchuanguo,tiangouleifubiaozeweiwaiguashigouzao。bangxingfubiaodazhiyouzhangbangheduanbangzhifen,tongchangjieweiwaiguashigouzao,qixiaduanfuyouyigejinshuhuan,keyonglaizhijiechuanmuxian,huoshiyong“taikongdou”zuoweilianjiemuxiandemeijie。fuheshifubiaozeshibaqianshuliangleifubiaojiehezaiyiqiyong。zhiyufuzhufubiao,shixiezhudiaozukefuhuanjingdailaidekunraohuoyongyiqianghuayuxundegongju,zhuyaoyoushuizhongfubiaohezixianfubiaoliangdalei。

fubiaojibenshangshiyizaizhongnenglilaihuafenguigede,suoyibiaotishangyindeshuzijiudaibiaotanenggoufuzaideqianchuizhongliang。lirubiaoshiwei3bdedanzhui,biaoshitaqiahaonenggoudazaiyimei3byaoqian(zhongyue0.95ke)erbuchendaoshuixia;zhuming1.5haodezhangbiaozenengfuqiyue5.62keqianzhong。danzheilimianyouyigeliwai:shuizhongfubiao,taqishishihuichenrushuixiade,suoyibiaoshishuzhidaibiaodeshirushuihouxiangdangyuduozhongdeqian,erfeinenggouchengzaiduoshaozhongliang。

(5)铅锤。体育押注铅锤用来平衡钓组、稳定线系状态,矶钓客笔记哦啊常用的是转环铅和咬铅两种。

zhuanhuanqianyouqiankuaijiqiliangduandezhuanhuangoucheng,juyouxianjiezi、muxianhepinghengdiaozudeshuangzhonggongneng,qishangtongchangzhijiebiaoshizhongliang,lirushangmianzhu“0.8”ziyang,jiubiaoshizhongyue3ke,zhuzhe“2”zidezhongyuewei7.5ke。

yaoqiandetijiyuzhongliangdoujiaoxiao,gouzaoweiyuanqiuzhuangqianzhongjianzongpouyidao,shizhichengweibankaikouzhuang。yaoyongdeshihou,daduoshurendouzhijieyiyachijiangtayaofuzaimuxianhuozixianshang,suoyibeijiaozuoyaoqian。yaoqiandezhongliangbiaoshibijiaofuza,youlianggebutongxilie,yishisuoweide“b”shu,lingyigeshi“g”shu,liangzhegedaibiaoyizuzhongliangjibie,danliangzhepaixufangshibutong(bshuyuedazheyuezhong、gshuyuedazheyueqing)

铅坠

浮漂铅坠

jianyiduzhebaqianchuihaoshuyuzhongliangduizhaobiaocopyxialai,suishendaizheyibeibushizhixu。

(6)钓钩。钩子是垂钓活动中跟鱼接触最密切的东西。此物自从石器时代以兽骨、石头磨制开始,至今已历无数次改良,现代钓钩不但具备坚韧、锋利、耐久等特点,而且已进化到依据不同鱼种、不同环境、不同嘴型、不同钓法、不同习性,甚至不同钓饵来个别设计的地步,因此鱼钩通常通过包装上的名称就可以了解个八九不离十,顶多只需要再根据鱼体大小选择钓钩的规格。

(7)其他小物。除上述各种物品外,矶钓钓组中还会用到不少零碎用品。兹分别简述如下:

①mianxianjie。ciwujibenshangjiushiyigebangfuzaimuxianshangdexianjie,tongchanggendangzhuhebingshiyong,liangzhelianhegoucheng“xiandang”,zhiyufubiaoshangfang,zuoweixianzhifubiaozaimuxianshangyidonggaodudegongju。xianjiekeyizijiyongdiaoxianbangzhi,yekeyimaishimianshangxianchengbanghaodechengpin,shiyongshizhixutaorumuxianjiayishujinjike。

体育押注②xiangjiaoxiandang。gongnengleisimianxiandang,dancaizhishixiangjiaohuoguijiao,qizhidiyaoyuanbimianxianjieyaolaideying,shiyongshirongyikadaodiaoganshangdesidaohuan,guhenshaoyongyujidiaochanghezhong,tiangoudiaoshijiaochangbatazuoweiyueshufubiaodegongju。

体育押注③dangzhu。dangzhuyechengdangdou,duoweisujiaozhipin,youyuanzhuxinghebanyuanxingdeng,kanqilaihenxiangzuoshougongyipindezhuzhu,tayumianxianlianheqilaiyueshufubiaodehuodongfanwei。

④taikongdou。weijiangwaiguashifubiaofuzhezaimuxianshangdegongju,qishijinshuhuozhesujiaozhidezhuzhuangwu,zhongjianyougekong,waicefuleyimeibiezhen,konggongmuxianchuanguo,biezhenzeyonglaikouzhufubiaodiduanjinshuhuan。

⑤kalamanbang。yuanyiweifangchanbang,bentiweiyizhixiaosujiaobang(yikeyongyaqianzixingxuezhi),yinxuyufubiaochazuobingyong,xianzaiyibanrenduobaliangzhehunweiyitanle。kalamanbang,jizhixiaosujiaobangyufubiaochazuoheti。qizhiyufubiaodexiafang,zhuyaozuoyongshifangzhixianxiluanchan,danyejuyouhuanchongdianhexiandangdezuoyong,keyumianxianjiejidangzhugouchengdexiandanglianheshiyong,yikongzhifubiaozaimuxianshanghuodongfanwei。

体育押注⑥huanchongdian。jiarubuyongkalamanbang,huozhezaikalamanbangyixia、zhuanhuanzhishanghaiyaofangzhishuizhongfubiaodehua,neimezheigexiangjiaozhizaodexiaoqiuhuotixingwujiupaishangyongchangle,takeyizainipaotouhuodaliyanggandeshihoubaohufubiao,bimianyinzhuangjidaozhuanhuanersunhuai。

⑦zhuanhuan。zhuanhuanshimuxianhezixianjiandejinshuzhilianjieju,qiweizunxingbentiliangduangefuyigekeziyouxuanzhuandehuan,muxian、zixianfenbiebangzailianghuanshang。youdeshihou,youxiediaoshoubuyongzhuanhuan,erjiangmu、zixianzhijiebangzaiyiqi。

zainicaogankongxianjishubushuliandeshi,zuihaojiangzhengtaozhuangbeideqiangducaiyong“youjineryuanzhubudijian”defangshianpai,yijidiaogan、juanxianqidefuheqiangdudayumuxian,muxiandefuheqiangdudayuzixian,zheiyangzaiwanyifashengyiwai(lirudiaodaodadeyu)shi,caibuhuichuxianduanganhuolilubenghuidengzhuangkuang。

海矶钓装备介绍及购买注意事项

海矶钓装备介绍及购买注意事项

钓竿

如何选购钓竿

一、选用原则

体育押注duiyuchuxuezhelaishuo,xuanyongdiaoganqianyouwugetiaojianbixuxianjiayilejie,neijiushiganzhong、haoshu、zhangdu、zhongliang、diaoxing。

(1)竿种。目前矶钓竿有两大品类,一是钓线经竿身外面一连串“丝道环”进出的,通常被称为“外穿竿”或“珠子竿”;另一种是竿身外面没有丝道环,钓线直接通过竿管内部的,叫做“中通竿”。

体育押注waichuanganqianduanjiaoxi,henshihefahuixizhidekongxianshoufa,tongshimuxianyudiaoganzhijianmocalijiaoshao,yincipaotouheshoufangxiandexiaoguodouhenhao,weineiyichuantuchudesidaohuanrongyiguazhumuxian(fengdashiyouqiruci),diaozheruguomeiliuyijiumengranshouxian,wangwanghuirangganxianzheduan。zhongtonggandeqingkuangzhenghaoxiangfan,taburongyirangmuxianchanshangganwei,erqiejiusuanchanzhuleyeyichejiufenli。keshizhongkongdegouzaoshiganjianbiwaichuangandecudeduo,suoyikongxianshixiandebijiaobenzhuo,bingqiemuxiantongguodiaogandezhenggeneibi,xiangxingzhixiamocaliyaodadeduo,guchuxianwangwangbushunchang。

(2)号数。体育押注最常用的矶竿号数是介于1号到2号之间。通常是号数越小越适用于风浪较平、流水较缓、标点较近、鱼体较小(或相对没有拼斗力)以及需要精细操控手法的场合;反之,越大号的越常用于风浪大、流水急、须远投、鱼体较大(或较凶猛)和不需要太精细操竿技巧的场合。

(3)长度。大多数钓客手上拿的都是5.3米长钓竿,但这并不是唯一选择。根据杠杆原理,越长的竿子受力时(也就是拉鱼的时候)力臂越长,使用起来越费力,并且受风的影响也越严重,再加上长竿重心离竿柄部位势必较远,故拿5.3米竿会比拿4.5米竿辛苦。但相反的,万一上钩鱼儿被拉到脚边时忽然冲进暗礁堆中,那么短竿就不如长竿好用了,因为此时长竿可以让你撑开钓线避免鱼钻洞,而短竿很难这样做!另外长竿在钓座*低矮的环境下也特别受欢迎,原因是它可以让钓者举高钓线,避开波浪的扑击。

(4)重量。为便于长时间手持操作,轻量但不失硬挺是对矶钓竿相当重要的一个要求。为达到此要求,厂商多从三个方面入手,一是设法减轻竿身上附件(例如丝道环)的重量,二是降低钓竿本身的重量,三是将钓竿重心往后(往握把位置)移。

体育押注muqianjigezhuliupinpaijigandezhongliangdouhenjiejin,tongchang1hao5.3midewaichuanganzizhongjunzai190ke,2hao5.3midejunzai220keyinei。

(5)调性。所谓调性,指的是钓竿弯曲的方式。假如我们把同号数但不同系列(或不同厂商制造)的两支竿子同时挂上相同的负重,然后撑起竿身观察它们弯曲的形态,则竿身最弯曲点越趋近尖端者,会被称为越趋向“先调子”竿,以数字来形容的话,就是2/8调甚至1/9调;而最弯曲点越靠近竿腰者,则是越趋近“胴调子”竿,或称是4/6调甚至5/5调的竿子。

diaoxingdeyiyishi:yuequxiangxiandiaozide,yuxunhecaogandongzuodechuandaoyuezhijie、xianming,danganshendehuanchongnengliyuecha,yuerongyiduanxianhuotuogou,boyushiyinweilibeijiaozhang,yebijiaofeili:fanzhi,yuequxiangdongdiaozide,boyulibeiyueduan、yueshengli,huanchongnengliyeyuehao,danchuandakongxiandongtaidenengliyuecha,qieyequefachengyuchuqusuoxudeyaoli,gubijiaorongyirangyuzuandong。

体育押注lejieyishangwuxiangneironghou,jiukeyikaolvzijidejingjinenglilaixuangoudiaoganle。womenjianyichuxuezhe,ruguoyusuanxukejiumailiangzhihaoshu、leixing、zhangdujunbutongdeganzi,liruzhi1haohuo1.2hao5.3miwaichuangan、yizhi1.7haohuo2hao5mizhongtonggan,liangzhefenbieyongyubutongdechanghe;yaoshiwufayicihuataiduoqianzaiganshang,zekekaolvzanshixianmaiyizhikanchengrumenwanyonggande1.5hao5.3miwaichuangan,dengwanshulianqieyusuankuanyudeshihouzaitiangoubiezhongdiaogan。

二、购买要领

体育押注jiasheniyiquedingmaishenmezhangdu、haoshu、zhongliang、diaoxingdengdediaogan,jiukeyidaodiaojudianqushidikanhuole。kandeshihouqingzhuyiyixiajidian:

(1)振动感。体育押注拿着钓竿,抽出全部竿节固定好,然后握住竿柄左右摇一摇,感受一下它的振动感觉。通常越偏向胴调子的钓竿,你会觉得振动的中心越接近握柄;反之,越偏向先调子的钓竿,振动的中心就离握柄越远(亦即越靠近竿尖)。

(2)异音。当你摇动钓竿的时候,如果竿身出现哔哔剥剥的异常响声,那就要注意了,假如响个两三声就不再出现,那可能是你伸展时没抽紧,尚不至于影响品质,但若老是有杂音出现,就多半表示其竿节接继处没处理好,这样产品不要买。

(3)过节。体育押注过节指钓竿受力弯曲时的形态是否顺畅。测试方法是请人帮忙捏着竿尖,你则模仿中鱼那样挺起竿身(注意绝不可挺得太用力,捏竿尖的人更不可突然松手),观察整个竿子的弯曲弧度,如果有某一节(特别是较细那几节)的某个部位弯得特别厉害或不弯,搏鱼时就容易出问题。

(4)涂装。最后,一面收起竿节一面仔细观察和抚摸竿身表面,看看涂装有无气泡、沙眼、厚薄不均等瑕疵。检查卷线器座和丝道环(如果有的话)安装牢固与否,位置是否恰当。

体育押注jiarujianchaguohoubingwuwenti,neimejiukeyibazheibingdiaogannaweijiyou。

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1、海矶钓钓法、特征、术语 2、海矶钓的钓点分类、钓场特征及标点选择 3、海矶钓装备介绍及购买注意事项 4、海矶钓辅助装备介绍 5、海矶钓钓组图解及抛投技巧 6、海矶钓各种线结绑法 7、海矶钓钓饵和诱饵使用技巧 8、海洋各种气象分析 9、海钓矶钓安全第一
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